Roads and transport
The transport complex of Zhambyl region is the most important link of the all-Kazakhstan transport system. Transport routes of export-import goods pass through the region. The regional transport network is an important part in the transit system between two large agglomerations, like the South Kazakhstan and Almaty regions, and also has access to the Kyrgyz Republic. Routes passing through Zhambyl oblast are included in the system of international transport corridors.
The presence of sufficiently rich and diverse natural resources in combination with a developed industrial and agro-industrial complex allows us to form our own cargo and passenger flows in the region. Requirements for intraregional and transit traffic are provided by almost all modes of transport: road, rail, and air.
The network of public roads in the Zhambyl region is 5,241 km, including: of the republican significance - 1,237.2 km (23.6%); regional - 1943.38 km (37.0%); regional - 2061 km (39.3%). Local roads make up 4004.38 km. Of these, 3276.2 km are paved, 669.2 km are gravel and 59 km are gravel, while there are 104 bridges and 2262 culverts on them.
The road networks of the region as a whole are sufficient for providing passenger transportation and cargo transportation. In 2015, the ratio of indicators of the technical condition of roads in the region is:
- republican roads: in good - 850.2 km (68.7%), satisfactory - 353 km (28.5%), unsatisfactory - 34 km (2.8%);
- local roads: in good - 540 km (13.5%), satisfactory - 2444.38 km (61.1%), unsatisfactory - 1020 km (25.4%).
Zhambyl oblast is connected with the Almaty, Karaganda, South Kazakhstan regions by the roads of republican significance "Almaty-Tashkent-Termez", "Merke-Shu-Burybaytal". In addition, the oblast is connected to the Kyrgyz Republic via the Taraz-Utmek - Kyrgyz Border, Western Access to Kyrgyzstan Border, and Eastern Access to Kyrgyz Border Highways. The most used roads are "Almaty-Tashkent-Termez", "Merke-Shu-Burylbaital".
The main transit corridor passing through the territory of the Zhambyl region is the Almaty-Tashkent-Termez highway of republican significance (the reconstructed section Western Europe - Western China), Merke-Shu-Burybaytal (connected to the Almaty-Yekaterinburg highway) connecting the Republic of Kazakhstan with the Russian Federation and the PRC.
Railway transport of the region is the main mode of transport in inter-regional, inter-republican traffic.
The operational length of railway tracks in the region is about 1236.3 km. The transit potential of railways is characterized by the presence of railway lines of international transport corridors passing through the region, with a major transport hub in the city of Shu, connecting the south and south-east of Kazakhstan with the central and northeastern part of the republic, with neighboring states.
The operation of the railway transport system in the region is organized and provided by the branch of Joint Stock Company National Company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy - Zhambyl Branch of the Road, which coordinates production activities of 17 branches of JSC NC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy, including: 1 - distance tracks, 3 - enlarged distance of the track, 1 - mechanized distance of the track, 1– rail welding company, 3 - signaling and communication distance, 3 - power supply distance, 1 - operational wagon depot, 3 - recovery trains and 1– fire service detachment with 3 fire trains.
The service area of the Zhambyl branch of the road is located within the boundaries of the stations: Mointy (ex.) - Shu - Otar (ex.), Shu - Zhambyl - Tulkubas (ex.), Zhambyl - Zhanatas (inc.). It borders with Karaganda, Almaty and Shymkent branches, as well as with the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The Mointy-Tulkubas and Shu-Otar sections are equipped with an electrical load, the Zhambyl-Zhanatas autonomous (diesel) load portion.
There are 6 dispatch circles: the Zhambyl-Tulkubas, Zhambyl-Shu, Shu-Chigangak, Chiganak-Mointy sections - double-track with two-way auto-blocking, equipped with DC Neman microprocessor system, electrified; Shu-Otar single-track section with double-sided automatic blocking, equipped with DC Neman microprocessor system, electrified; Zhambyl-Zhanatas section - single track, equipped with DC "Neva" with semi-automatic blocking.
In order to serve the production facilities introduced in the special economic zone “Chemical Park Taraz”, the Zhambyl branch of the road plans in 2017-2020 a car turnover of 185 cars per day.
Also, the future work of the Zhambyl branch of the road will be connected with the schedule of movement and the plan for the formation of trains with the developed Information System MultiRai; an increase in the level of profitability of 1 car up to 90,836 tenge (an increase of 3%), due to an increase in the productivity of the car and its statistical load, reduction of costs in the operation of the freight car stock; an increase in the loading of goods in export traffic from 28% to 40%.
JSC “International Airport Aulie-Ata” has the status of an international one, accepts aircraft according to weather conditions, for refueling and intermediate when performing flights to foreign and neighboring countries.
Nowadays, flights of Taraz-Astana-Taraz, Taraz-Moscow-Taraz, Khujant-Taraz-Khujant, Surgut-Taraz-Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk-Taraz-Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen-Taraz-Tyumen are installed. It is planned to open additional domestic and international flights.
Communication and communication.
Mobile operators such as Beeline, K-Cell, Tele 2, Altel are operating in the region. Mobile coverage of rural settlements with more than 1000 people in the region is 98.0%.